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Return and reintegration

Improvement of living conditions and provision of a cow-in-calf in support to a returnee family in Kotor Varos

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2009/HWA/ IF-02

E.C. is self-supported mother of three children, one of whom is mentally disabled member (100 % disabled, both physically and mentally), living in inadequate small house with  parents without sufficient income. They are living on father pension of 182 KM, social care and children allowance of 145 KM. E.C. used to work in the Prolex company before the war, but after her return she did not manage to get an employment. Sometimes she is invited to provide some cleaning services, but it was very rare. They extremely needed assistance in improvement of normal living conditions because the joinery was very old and not protecting them from cold. They did not have bathroom. They had a septic hall, but they did not have electricity connection for boiler. They heated water in a tin tub and bath in one of the rooms.  
HWA / UNHCR supported this family with the purchase and delivery of construction material. Due to their very bad financial situation this family was supported with 1.800,00 BAM which was handed over to E.C. for the skill labor to complete the rehabilitation works and creation of adequate living conditions. Also, as sustainable assistance UNHCR/HWA provided and delivered a cow-in-calf on August 14th, 2009. We engaged the veterinary expert too.   
The assistance improved the quality of habitation and self-sustainability for this extremely vulnerable family.
The number of primary beneficiaries included in this project was 1 family / 6 persons.

Improvement of essential living conditions to a returnee family in Glamoc

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Within this UIF Project we supported a returnee family, single mother of six small children who were living in very inadequate conditions in poorly reconstructed house in a village Dzulican. The only regular income that family had been receiving was that from the Center for Social Welfare, 50 KM. She took care of two cows which she used to support her family. Namely, the house had no hydro-insulation on the walls which is necessary to protect the walls from moisture and clamminess due to winds and rains that are severe in the Glamoc region. The interior of the house had completely been overtaken by moisture. She tried to utilize the living room and the kitchen while the bedrooms could not be used at all. They were sleeping in the hallway as that was the only space where there was no visible mould on the walls. The house had no water supply. This extremely vulnerable returnee family UNHCR/HWA supported with rehabilitation of the house and creation of adequate living conditions through partial reconstruction of internal works, flooring, joinery, sanitary facilities, water supply system including water pump, hydro-insulation on the walls and façade.  
The number of primary beneficiaries included in this project was 1 family / 7 persons.

Sustainable Return and Integration

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The project is an integral approach and includes the involvement of several actors/stakeholders who all aim to reduce poverty among returnees/IDPs and reinstate human dignity. The action tackles serious issues, among them reconciliation, social inclusion, individual human security and socio-economic development for those persons most in need according to UNHCR standards.

As of January 2010, more than 115,000 persons are still registered as internally displaced persons (IDPs) within the BiH, while 33,500 people from BiH are still refugees to the region. In 2011, UNHCR will continue to promote sustainable minority return and work to eliminate obstacles hindering voluntary return and promote sustainable local integration for IDPs who are not in a position to return.

The main aim of the project is to strengthen the local capacities of refugees and IDPs in at least ten municipalities in two target regions selected by UNHCR and HWA through the active participation of UNHCR staff and other regional economic development associations. Additionally, it also contributes to the democratic societal development by strengthening the cooperation between governmental and non-governmental sectors.

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